Editors Victoria was founded in October 1970, as Society of Editors. The inaugural members included Ruth Dixon, Hedley Finger, Di Goodall, Jan Llewellyn, Janet Mackenzie, Bob Sessions and Wendy Sutherland. The first annual general meeting was held in June 1971, and Editors Victoria was incorporated in 1991 under the name Society of Editors (Victoria).

 \When Editors Victoria was formed, publishers were beginning to withdraw from in-house training for editors. Over the years, Editors Victoria has worked hard to fill this gap, organising hundreds of courses and workshops on a wide range of topics, from the basics of editing to copyright law and ergonomics. Working closely with RMIT, Editors Victoria helped establish the Graduate Diploma in Editing and Publishing, which began in 1988.

Editors Victoria has itself acted as publisher on several occasions, with One of the First and One of the Finest (a biography of Beatrice Davis) in 1991, At the Typeface in 2005, and Editors in Conversation 1 and 2 in 2007 and 2009, respectively.

Editors Victoria has also provided strong support for freelance editors, producing the Freelance Register since the late 1970s, initially twice a year and more recently annually.

In 1998, Editors Victoria was active in the establishment of the Council of Australian Societies of Editors (CASE), which was the first national body to represent editors. CASE was succeeded in 2008 by the Institute of Professional Editors Limited (IPEd), which has established a national accreditation scheme and runs national editing conferences every two years.

In 2005, Editors Victoria hosted Editing in Context, the second national editing conference in Melbourne.

In 2010, Editors Victoria celebrated its 40th birthday at the Wheeler Centre in Melbourne. To mark the occasion, Editors Victoria created a Commemorative Booklet (pdf 289Kb).

In 2016, folowing votes by State Societies, IPEd became a national, direct membership association of editors. Existing members of Editors Victoria (EdVic) automatically became members of IPEd, in the Editors Victoria branch.